Etruscan Liber Linteus

The Etruscan Liber Linteus is a manuscript which was found in Egypt on the bands of a mummy. Dating back about 2,200 years, this text is written in Etruscan, a language that was used in Italy in ancient times. It remains mostly untranslated because of the lack of knowledge about the Etruscan language, though the few words which can be understood indicate that the text is most likely a ritual calendar. The mummy and its removed wrappings are now in the Zagreb Museum in Croatia.

It is also the only example of a book written on linen cloth (hence the Latin name Liber Linteus). Moreover, it is the only Etruscan book handed down to posterity. Originally it was a scroll which was brought to Egypt for unknown reasons. It was later cut into strips used to bandage the mummy of a woman, probably during the 1st century of our era. Putting the stripes the one near the other it was possible to reconstruct a part of the original manuscript, consisting of 230 lines of text and 1200 words that can be read more or less clearly, and 100 more words that can be reconstructed from the context with a high degree of certainty.

In 1891, the wrappings were transported to Vienna, where they were thoroughly examined by Jacob Krall, an expert on the Coptic language, who expected the writing to be either Coptic, Libyan or Carian. Krall was the first to identify the language as Etruscan and reassemble the strips. It was his work that established that the linen wrappings constituted a manuscript written in Etruscan.

At first, the provenance and identity of the mummy were unknown, due to the irregular nature of its excavation and sale. This led to speculation that the mummy may have had some connection to either the Liber Linteus or the Etruscans. But a papyrus buried with her proves that she was Egyptian and gives her identity as Nesi-hensu, the wife of Paher-hensu, a tailor from Thebes.


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Balor The Irish Cyclops

Balor was the Irish Cyclops, this one-eyed god of death was the most formidable of the Fomorii, the violent and monstrous sea gods who ruled Ireland before the arrival of the Tuatha De Dannan. So dreadful was his one eye that he destroyed whoever he looked upon and his eyelid had to be levered up by four servants. It was prophesied that he would be slain by his own grandson. To avoid this fate he locked his only daughter Ethlinn in a crystal tower on Tory Island, off the north-west coast of Ireland. Even so, later Balor was killed in battle with a sling-shot by the sun god Lugh, Ethlinn's son and the champion of the Tuatha De Danann.

Lugh's father was Cian, a lesser member of the Tuatha De Danann With the assistance of a female druid, Cian had entered the crystal tower and slept with Ethlinn. When Balor learned that his daughter had given birth to three sons, he ordered that they be drowned in a whirlpool near Tory Island. Balor's servants duly rolled them up in a sheet, but on the way to the whirlpool one of the boys fell out unnoticed Either the druid then handed the fortunate baby to the smith god Goibhniu, or alternatively Manannan Mac Lir, the god of the sea, decided to foster him. ln either event, Lugh was saved and set on the road to his destiny as the slayer of Balor.

Lugh eventually becomes king of the Tuatha De Danann. He leads the Tuath De in the second Battle of Mag Tuired against the Fomorians, who are led by Balor. Ogma, one of the member of Tuatha De Dannan disarms Balor during this battle, but Balor kills Nuada (the first king of the Tuatha De Danann) with his eye. Finally, Lugh kills Balor by casting a sling, or a spear crafted by Gobniu, through his eye. Balor's eye destroys the Fomorian army and then Lugh beheads Balor.

One legend tells that, when Balor was slain by Lugh, Balor's eye was still open when he fell face first into the ground. Thus his deadly eye beam burned a hole into the earth. Long after, the hole filled with water and became a lake which is now known as Loch na SĂșil, or "Lake of the Eye", in County Sligo.


Encyclopedia of Mythology written by Arthur Cotterell

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Encyclopedia of Mythology written by Arthur Cotterell page 102
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Alien Spider Found on Russian Apartment

On September 2016, a resident of Penza, Russia, were shocked when woke up and found a green strange looking spider with a bloated humanoid head on its abdomen. Two photos of the spider appeared at the Penza Online subsection of the popular VKontakte website on September 27th, captioned (via machine translation) “Users that for a spider? Who knows? Toxic or Not?” The post rapidly went viral, racking up over 100 comments before moderators restricted commenting. 

The spooky arachnid has face-like markings on its day-glow abdomen that bear a striking resemblance to little green aliens from planet Mars. When pictures of the spider began emerging on Russian websites, there were fears that a poisonous monster from outer space was beginning its conquest of Earth.

Fortunately, the photograph was forwarded to someone who knows something about "alien spiders". The picture reached Penza entomologist Oleg Polumordvinov, who identified the alien monster as a 6 mm (.25 inch) Ebrechtella tricuspidata – a flower crab spider that is widespread but rarely seen in central Europe. A species that grows little more than 6mm.

Mr. Oleg explained how they are found regularly in woods during the autumn and eat only flies. But they are incapable of biting through human skin, he added.

The zoologist believes the spider must have been brought into the flat from outside and underlined that there was no need to be afraid.


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